Hobbyists often irritated to see the roses in the pot initially be diligent flowering bloom not at all. What remains is a clump of brambles. Moreover, if the pest and the disease is present, the more appearance of the plant. Several steps need to be done so that it flowering back.
Grow roses for the hobbyists objectives are clear, namely to enjoy the beautiful and fragrant flowers. Besides that, the beauty of the colors of roses also give them plenty of options. There are currently more than 5,000 kinds hybrid roses are grown around the world. His figure is varied, ranging from the growing upward, shrubby, petite, or climbing. These species are grouped in tea roses alias ancient roses, floribunda, grandiflora, climbing roses or roses fence, hybrid tea , polyantha (baby rose) , and perpetual . Among these types of hybrid tea was the one commonly used as cut flowers. Other more widely planted as an element of the garden or flower pots.
Planting roses is generally not difficult. Tanaman Hias it’s just that he needs specific treatments, especially pruning is one of the keys lend roses. Nevertheless, all still begins by planting the right as well as the fulfillment of the rose itself.
The location and the planting medium must be right
The best location for the rose grower is getting full sun. This place like the flowers will appear faster. However, in a place that gets sunlight 56 hours per day, can still be planted roses. Get the morning sun is better than during the day. Therefore, your roses pot should be placed in a location that allows receive radiation morning.
Rose wants a well drained soil. So, should the roses growing media and loose soil rich in humus or organic matter. Resistance to water is good, but do not let stagnant. He liked the ground a little sour or with a pH of 6 to 6.8. For planting in pots, use soil, manure or compost and sand in the ratio 1: 1: 1. When using media Super TW Plus enough soil mixed in the ratio 1: 6. Pot good ground and made of unpainted. Placed at the bottom of the pot broken tiles or charcoal as thick as 1 cm to a third of the pot.
Steps to plant and care for roses
1. Preparation of media, pots and plants or seeds
2. Plants issued dengancaramerobek polibag
3. Rose implanted into the pot
4. Finish planted roses should be watered
5. Fertilizer can be given at planting or 715 days after planting
6. Pruning begins to form clumps of dry stem.
7. Trimming the main branch to increase the discharge rate
8. Prune to enlarge flowers
9. The flowers are wilted cut to stimulate the formation of new flowers.
A good time to plant roses is the beginning of the rainy season. However, for planting in pots can be done anytime throughout the assured water needs. Once you get home, newly purchased plants are generally of polybags should be watered until the medium is quite wet.
Before being transferred into pots, seeds or plants watered until quite wet. Furthermore, polybags torn up the whole plant and the medium can be transplanted into pots filled some of the media. The rest of the media is inserted around the plants and solidified slowly. For seedling grafting, part okulasinya 5 cm should be planted in the ground. If less than the shoots will be emerging. Conversely, if too deep roots will form abnormal. Lastly, water media.
Besides routine maintenance such as watering every day, weeds growing in pots should be cleaned. Fertilization also needed time before flowering, flowering, and when the flowers wilt. The recommended fertilizer is NPK (5-10-5) 5 grams per plant. The first, provide during planting or 7-15 days after planting. The following fertilizing regularly or 3-4 months depending on the growth of plants.
Next maintenance is pruning. There are some trimming purposes, namely to obtain the form, stimulates interest, reproduce interest, and enlarge the size of the flowers. Pruning should be done at the beginning of the dry season.
Pruning usually no standard form for each type of rose. Begin by cutting the plant stem or branch started a height of 7.5 cm from the soil surface or at least the remaining five buds. Subsequently, 3-4 primary branches were allowed to grow to be trimmed again after reaching a height 25-60 cm, depending on the species. Types of roses that grow tall like a climber , left over 60 cm, the type of hybrid tea 45 cm, floribunda 37.5 cm, and polyantha 25 cm. Most of the other branches pruned, leaving two eyes topmost bud facing out to be maintained in the next period of growth.
Pruning to stimulate the release of flowers with cut twigs or branches bud-bud had withered. Cut the branches slightly above the base of the leaf stalk or buds. Cutting do sloping 45 upwards and parallel buds. Approximately 6-7 weeks later, the leaves – the leaves will emerge followed by flowers.
Pruning to increase interest done by cutting the main branch or branches of the flowering of about 4-6 mm from the buds. In addition to stimulating flowering, pruning can also enlarge the size of the flower. How, then reap all the buds – flower buds on a branch armpit and except for one main bud. In addition, the branches are not productive or wild shoots should be thrown away. Wild shoots books are characterized by long stalks, leaves many, and growing fast.
Pests and diseases
There are several major diseases on roses Hamadan. Important pests, among others, aphids or aphids, beetles, hairy snails, mites, thrips, caterpillars, and the nematodes (microscopic worms) roots. While the disease is a black spot, leaf rust, powdery mildew, swollen stem base, mosaic, leaf spot, fungus upas, rotten flowers, cancer, and other physiological diseases.
Aphids attack rose by means stay sap to the leaves and flowers become shriveled and dry. This pest is controlled by keeping the plant and its surroundings. Severe attacks can be treated with some kind of insecticide spraying Decis 2.5 EC and others.
Beetle attack rose by eating the leaves and flower stalks, causing holes in the part that was attacked. Similarly, beetles, snails attack symptoms hairy also be holes in the leaves, often leaves behind only bones alone. Slugs can be killed manually. The trick, Ruin pupae attached to the plant. Moluskasida overcome by heavy attacks, for example Brestan 60.
Mites also absorb liquids plants, especially the leaf. These symptoms left red dots yellowish gray or brown. Heavy attacks coped with insecticide-acaricides such ommittee Kelthane 570 EC or 200 EC. Similarly with mites, thrips also suck the liquid mainly flowers, leaves, and branches. Do pruning to control plant part affected or sprayed with insecticide Lannate 25 WP. Meanwhile, the nematodes that causes plants to wither and stunted growth, overcome by the growing media sterilization and crop rotation. Sprinkle Temik 10 G or 3 G Furadan when heavy attack.
Disease – the disease is generally controlled by keeping the surrounding plants. The affected part should be immediately discarded. Heavy attacks treated with bactericidal or fungicidal depending on the type of disease, such as Dithane M45 80 WP’s disease powdery mildew, leaf rust, and cancer. While interest foul overcome by wrapping the flowers begin to bloom or spraying fungicide active ingredient benomil. Physiological disease overcome by giving a balanced fertilizer mainly of N, P, K or sprayed with foliar fertilizers that are high in elements hara